EXQ: a multiple-item scale for assessing service experience

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to conceptualize, construct, refine and empirically validate a multiple-item scale for measuring customers' service experience (EXQ).

Design/methodology/approach - The authors present exploratory research developing a conceptualization of service experience based on a two-stage approach: initial item generation through qualitative research, initial purification of these findings through exploratory factor analysis, and validation through the use of confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling. 

Findings - The paper conceptualizes and validates the concept of customer/service experience. In total, 19 items in four dimensions of the EXQ scale were identified: product experience, outcome focus, moments-of-truth and peace-of-mind. These dimensions reflect service experience perceptions. The findings support the conclusion that the service experience has a significant impact on customer satisfaction, loyalty and word-of-mouth intentions. The scale demonstrates good psychometric properties based on the variety of reliability and validity tests utilized and builds upon extant research. 

Practical implications - The research provides managers with the dimensions of service experience that influence purchase behavior and provides researchers with a sought-after conceptualization of service experience. 

Originality/value - The authors believe that this is the first empirically founded conceptualization and measurement of the service/customer experience.

Journal of Service Management
Philipp "Phil" Klaus; Maklan, Stan
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